The United States announced that the International Space Station will be extended until 2030: Japan joins the cooperation, and the first non-American in modern times is about to land on the moon

International Space Station
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Japanese Minister of Education and Science Nagaoka Keiko said today that Japan will follow the example of the United States and extend its participation in the International Space Station (ISS) program until 2030. In addition, he also admitted to the outside world that at least one Japanese astronaut will participate in “Artemis” ( Artemis) moon landing program.


Japan extends time limit for ISS participation

The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) promised in December that the International Space Station will extend its operations until 2030, Reuters reported.

The partners of the ISS project include Russia, Canada, Japan and the aerospace agencies of 11 EU countries. Japan took the lead in joining the ranks of the United States and decided to extend the time limit for participating in the project.

In fact, the ISS project is a scientific laboratory the size of a football field orbiting about 400 kilometers above the earth. The agency has been operating for more than 20 years in a partnership between the United States and Russia.

And just a few days before Japan announced the extension of the deadline, NASA’s new generation of moon landing rockets had just launched from Florida, and then launched the “Artemis Exploration Program”, and Japan was of course also involved in the program.

Nagaoka Keiko said frankly at the signing ceremony of the “Gateway” lunar space station cooperation agreement: “The International Space Station will inevitably become a place to verify the “Artemis Exploration Project”, and it is also an important place for Japan-US cooperation. “Domain”, the content of the agreement also stated that in the future, a Japanese astronaut will board the “Gateway” and provide batteries and other important equipment.

U.S. President Joe Biden and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida also mentioned in May that they intend to involve a Japanese astronaut in the program, which includes missions to the moon. Kishida Fumio also said at the ceremony, “We will maintain close cooperation with the United States to make it possible for Japanese astronauts to land on the moon in the late 2020s. This will also be the first non-American moon landing in this period.”


Russia’s erratic approach to the ISS

Although Japan took the lead in deciding to stay, other member states have yet to express their views, while Russia’s attitude towards the ISS project is elusive.

According to the “Associated Press” report, the director of the Russian Aeronautics Agency said at the end of July that he may withdraw from the ISS program in 2024 and focus on building its own space facilities. Although Russia has not made a definite conclusion, it still makes people worry about the ISS Whether the plan can continue to be implemented, experts say frankly, without the assistance of Russia, it will be very difficult to continue to operate.

However , “Reuters” also reported that Russia changed its words a few months later and said that it might extend the implementation time of the plan. “The Verge” also pointed out that the partnership to withdraw from the International Space Station must be based on the International Space Station Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA). Inform other partners in writing of their intention to leave one year in advance.

However, NASA stated that it has not yet been notified, so in the absence of written notification, the specific content of Russia’s withdrawal plan remains unclear.


Artemis Exploration Project

NASA launched the Artemis exploration program on the 16th of this month, sending the Orion spacecraft to the moon and returning to Taiwan after sailing around the moon for three weeks . , causing the plan to be delayed for several weeks, but fortunately, the launch was successfully completed in the end.

Even if there are no real people on board, there are still three simulated dummies on the Orion—one male and two females, equipped with sensors to measure radiation and pressure. Human Orion is attempting to orbit the Moon, and may actually send astronauts to the Moon a few years later.

However, the main goal of Orion this time is to test the durability of the heat shield, to test whether it can withstand friction at 32 times the speed of sound and a high temperature of up to 2760 degrees (Celsius).


ISS after 2030

More than 30 years after its launch in 1998, the ISS will leave its original orbit in January 2031. According to the “Guardian” , when the ISS leaves orbit, it will land rapidly near Nemo Point, which is about 2,700 kilometers away from the land. km, so it will not pose a hazard to land residents.

Point Nemo, which has always been regarded as a “space cemetery”, is an excellent “discarding site” for many old satellites, space debris or space stations. The area is also known as “the inaccessible ocean” because of the lack of human presence. Pole” and “Uninhabited Area of ​​the South Pacific”.



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